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Patterns in Comparative Religion

In this era of increased knowledge the essence of religious phenomena eludes the psychologists sociologists linguists and other specialists because they do not study it as religious According to Mircea Eliade they miss the one irreducible element in religious phenomena the element of the sacred Eliade abundantly demonstrates universal religious experience and shows how humanity s effort to live within a sacred sphere has manifested itself in myriad cultures from ancient to modern times how certain beliefs rituals symbols and myths have with interesting variations persisted

Comparative Religion

This book is now firmly established as the standard treatment of its subject The history of comparative religion is traced in detail from its beginnings in the nineteenth century in the work of scholars such as Max Muller and anthropologists such as Tylor Lang Robertson Smith and Frazer through the American psychologists of religion such as Starbuck Leuba William James to the period after the First World War when the evolutionary approach was seriously called into question It also examines the relevance of religion to Freud and Jung the phenomenology of religion the tensions between comparative religion and theology and the work of such outstanding personalities as Nathan S derblom and Rudolf Otto The last two chapters review the main issues raised since the Second World War

Islam : Comparative Religion

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Comparative Religion

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Comparative Religion For Dummies

b Understand the beliefs customs and rituals of each faith b b The fun and easy way to know the common elements of these widespread religions b br br Want to know more about the faiths of Judaism Christianity and Islam This plain English guide traces their evolution from their commonorigin Abraham and explains their different yet linked beliefs You ll see how each religion developed endured setbacks and became a fixture in modern society and you ll learn how members havedeveloped similar approaches to worship br br b Discover b br br br How the belief in one God originated The roots of Abraham s family tree The sacred texts of each faith Major similarities and differences How these religions influenced the world

Comparative Religion

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Occultism, Witchcraft & Cultural Fashions: Essays in Comparative Religion

In the period domoninated by the triumphs of scientific rationalism how do we account for the extraordinary success of such occult movements as astrology or the revival of witchcraft From his perspective as a historian of religions the eminent scholar Mircea Eliade shows that such popular trends develop from archaic roots and periodically resurface in certain myths symbols and rituals In six lucid essays collected for this volume Eliade reveals the profound religious significance that lies at the heart of many contemporary cultural vogues br br Since all of the essays except the last were originally delivered as lectures their introductory character and lively oral style make them particularly accessible to the intelligent nonspecialist Rather than a popularization i Occultism Witchcraft and Cultural Fashions i is the fulfillment of Eliade s conviction that the history of religions should be read by the widest possible audience br

god is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

Hitchens frames the argument for a more secular life based on science and reason in which hell is replaced by the Hubble Telescope s awesome view of the universe and Moses and the burning bush give way to the beauty and symmetry of the double helix br br In the tradition of Bertrand Russell s Why I Am Not a Christian and Sam Harris s recent bestseller The End of Faith Christopher Hitchens makes the ultimate case against religion With a close and erudite reading of the major religious texts he documents the ways in which religion is a man made wish a cause of dangerous sexual repression and a distortion of our origins in the cosmos br br With eloquent clarity Hitchens frames the argument for a more secular life based on science and reason in which hell is replaced by the Hubble Telescope s awesome view of the universe and Moses and the burning bush give way to the beauty and symmetry of the double helix

Reader in Comparative Religion: An Anthropological Approach

Offering students an overview of the anthropological findings in religion that have amassed in the last years this sourcebook presents articles written by anthropologists sociologists historians amp others whose works have significantly influenced anthropological thinking br Foreword br Acknowledgments br General Introduction br The origin amp development of religion br The function of religion in human society br Myth amp ritual br Symbolism br Mana amp taboo br Totemism br Magic witchcraft amp divination br The magical treatment of illness br Death ghosts amp ancestor worship br Shamans amp priests br Dynamics in religion br New methods of analysis br Biographies of Authors br Selected Monographs on Non Western Religious Systems br General Bibliography br Index of Authors amp Titles

Comparative Religion

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God and Mankind: Comparative Religions (The Great Courses)

How do the major religions answer unanswerable questions What can we gain from their answers Why are we here What is my purpose Where do we go when we die Will I be forgiven Will we ever discover the source of the mystery Each of these questions raises countless more br br God and Mankind Comparative Religions by Professor Robert Oden is an ideal starting point for gaining some progress in considering these questions And if you ve been thinking about them for a while as so many do you will likely discover he has many fresh insights to offer you br br Professor Oden who holds degrees in Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations and Theology has taught at Harvard University and Dartmouth College over a long and exceptionally distinguished career as both teacher and college president br br His lectures approach religious belief and ritual as possible answers to these most difficult and enduring questions which have occupied humanity from the beginning br br An Ideal Starting Point for Inquiry br The lectures underscore both the unity and the diversity of religious approaches to life in a sweeping conceptual grasp br br Professor Oden begins with a discussion of the nature and study of religion distinguishing between religion as both a matter of faith and as an appropriate subject of intellectual and academic pursuit br br In addition to discussing the four traditional views of religion Professor Oden proposes another a system of communication br br This serves as a crucial conceptual framework for exploring the thoughts of Mircea Eliade a historian of religion philosopher and professor at the University of Chicago who proposed that the best way to understand religions is to examine their views of how the world came into being and how it operates on a daily basis br br How Do We Reconcile Suffering and a Benevolent Deity br Professor Oden continues with an investigation of the problem of reconciling an all powerful and benevolent deity with the suffering and evil that are part of human existence br br You will also look at the dynamics of religious communities in general and the impact of the Puritan religious tradition on America br br The introductory lecture lays out a framework for the study of religion beginning with the what and why of the matter and moving to how religions have been compared with history science psychology and society br br You learn that for religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism that see the world as old salvation comes by escaping from the endless cycle of birth and rebirth But Judaism and Christianity however see the world as relatively new and the goal is to gain more chances at life either collectively or individually br br Professor Oden addresses the centrality of myth in making sense of religious cosmologies and he places special emphasis on the birth narratives of religious heroes particularly the unusual circumstances surrounding their conception and birth br br Religious Heroes and Teachers br in developing a framework for an extensive discussion of the ancient Sumerian myth the Epic of Gilgamesh and its cosmological implications br br You explore the notion of the anthropologist Arnold van Gennep later expanded by the American anthropologist Victor Turner that the rite of passage theme must be understood as central for religious cosmologies in general br br As with Gilgamesh this lecture looks at the stories of Moses Jesus Krishna and Gautama the Buddha unearthing in each a key point that aptly reflects the cosmology of the religion in question br br Professor Oden goes into a systematic analysis of the theodicy problem which is How can an all powerful and benevolent deity allow innocent people to suffer while often success and happiness seem to come to those who are evil All world religions have attempted to deal with this dilemma and five answers have been produced br br The discussion of theodicy continues by examining the most famous example in the Western religious tradition the book of Job and two of the main sources of Christian thinking on the topic the Apostle Paul and the th century Swiss theologian John Calvin br br By way of comparison Professor Oden also discusses the Hindu and Buddhist responses to the theodicy question including the Hindu doctrines of karmic law and transmigration of souls and the Buddhist teaching that life is suffering with the only release an acceptance of the impermanence of the universe and everything in it br br Ritual Sect and Church br In examining ritual Professor Oden places special emphasis on its nature importance and ramifications for the religious community and then describes the dynamics of the development of two types of religious communities sect and church br br Professor Oden moves from the comparative sociology of religion to what might be termed the religious nature of a particular society the United States Drawing on the work of the Harvard scholar Sacvan Bercovitch the lecture addresses the American identity with reference to its Puritan origins br br Taking the theme of America and Americans being God s elect and the parallels between America and ancient Israel Professor Oden proposes an American civil religion whose themes include br br The chosen history of America br A strong notion of covenant with America s fate emblematic of the world s br The idea that in America the ultimate sovereignty is not the people s but God s br In conclusion Professor Oden discusses four aspects of today s American identity that seem to have come directly from the Puritan tradition br br An anti intellectual bias toward individualism rather than collective experience and theory br A bias against ritual br The strongest fundamentalist tradition in the advanced industrialized world br A uniquely American anxiety over vocational and occupational calling that is not found elsewhere in the world br br lectures minutes each br Why Nothing Is as Intriguing as the Study of Religion br Orienting Humanity Religions as Spiritual Compasses br Religious Heroes Gilgamesh and the Dawn of History br Religious Heroes Moses and Jesus br Pondering Divine Justice Do We Suffer for Naught br Defending Divine Justice Religious Accounts of Suffering br Religious Rituals and Communities br Bringing It All Back Home

Comparative Study Revised Bible Loi Edit

This up to date version of the universally accepted text from the King James Bible will make a handsome addition to any home The revised translation is easily accessible for the modern reader and is based on the original King James Version published in In the course of time the King James Version came to be regarded as the Authorized Version It has been termed the noblest monument of English prose and it has come to be of central importance to Western society as no other book Thunder Bay s Holy Bible is beautifully appointed and illustrated with reproductions of original fifteenth century masterpieces highlighting Renaissance masterpieces from the period of to Almost every page of the Holy Bible has illuminated accents with evocative drawings throughout from the Vatican Library and an overall design inspired by the peerless Urbino Bible of The Holy Bible is complete with beautiful pages on which to lovingly record marriages births baptisms confirmations deaths and family trees

An Introduction to the Study of Comparative Religion

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Dante's Inferno (Illustrated, Bilingual, Comparative Edition)

Durante degli Alighieri Dante Alighieri simply referred to as Dante was a major Italian poet of the Middle Ages His Divina Commedia Divine Comedy originally called La Commedia and later called Divina by Boccaccio is widely considered the greatest literary work composed in the Italian language and a masterpiece of world literature br This edition of the Inferno distinguishes itself on several level It is richly illustrated offers the Italian original with Longfellow s verse translation and includes also the verse translation by Rev Cary and the prose translation by Norton

The True Religion Of God - Islam & Comparative Religion

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Comparative Religions

Compares key philosophies elements figures concepts and literature of major world religions to better understand their differences and similarities br br Useful for anyone interested in learning more about various aspects of world religion and humanity br br

Christianity & Comparative Religion

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The Tao Teh King: A Short Study in Comparative Religion

While debate continues about the historicity of Lao Tzu Tao Te Ching the collection of sayings attributed to him has remained one of the most influential religious texts of all time Using simple yet profound language the author probes the eternal mystery of the Tao the elusive substrate which underlies all creation

The End of Faith: Religion, Terror, and the Future of Reason

In i The End of Faith i Sam Harris delivers a startling analysis of the clash between reason and religion in the modern world He offers a vivid historical tour of our willingness to suspend reason in favor of religious beliefs even when these beliefs inspire the worst human atrocities While warning against the encroachment of organized religion into world politics Harris draws on insights from neuroscience philosophy and Eastern mysticism to deliver a call for a truly modern foundation for ethics and spirituality that is both secular and humanistic br br Winner of the PEN Martha Albrand Award for Nonfiction

Savage Systems: Colonialism and Comparative Religion in Southern Africa

i Savage Systems i examines the emergence of the concepts of religion and religions on colonial frontiers The book offers a detailed analysis of the ways in which European travelers missionaries settlers and government agents as well as indigenous Africans engaged in the comparison of alternative religious ways of life as one dimension of intercultural contact Focusing primarily on ninteenth century frontier relations David Chidester demonstrates that the terms and conditions for comparison including a discrouse about otherness that were established during this period still remains br br A volume in the series Studies in Religion and Culture

A Magic Still Dwells: Comparative Religion in the Postmodern Age

The first thorough assessment of the field of comparative religion in forty years this groundbreaking volume surmounts the seemingly intractable division between postmodern scholars who reject the comparative endeavor and those who affirm it The contributors demonstrate that a broader vision of religion involving different scales of comparison for different purposes is both justifiable and necessary br br i A Magic Still Dwells i brings together leading historians of religions from a wide range of backgrounds and vantage points and draws from traditions as diverse as Indo European mythology ancient Greek religion Judaism Buddhism Ndembu ritual and the spectrum of religions practiced in America The contributors take seriously the postmodern critique explain its impact on their work uphold or reject various premises and in several cases demonstrate new comparative approaches Together the essays represent a state of the art assessment of current issues in the comparative study of religion

The Arabian nights entertainments, carefully revised and occaisionally corrected from the Arabic. To which is added, a selection of new tales, now first translated from the Arabic originals. Also, an introduction and notes, illustrative of the religion, m

Full of mischief valor ribaldry and romance b The Arabian Nights b has enthralled readers for centuries These are the tales that saved the life of Shahrazad whose husband the king executed each of his wives after a single night of marriage Beginning an enchanting story each evening Shahrazad always withheld the ending A thousand and one nights later her life was spared forever

The Righteous Mind: Why Good People are Divided by Politics and Religion

This well researched examination of human moral impulses will appeal to liberals and conservatives alike following the presidential campaign and election br br As America descends deeper into polarization and paralysis social psychologist Jonathan Haidt has done the seemingly impossible challenged conventional thinking about morality politics and religion in a way that speaks to everyone on the political spectrum Drawing on his twenty five years of groundbreaking research on moral psychology he shows how moral judgments arise not from reason but from gut feelings He shows why liberals conservatives and libertarians have such different intuitions about right and wrong and he shows why each side is actually right about many of its central concerns In this subtle yet accessible book Haidt gives you the key to understanding the miracle of human cooperation as well as the curse of our eternal divisions and conflicts If you re ready to trade in anger for understanding read The Righteous Mind br br A groundbreaking investigation into the origins of morality which turns out to be the basis for religion and politics The book is timely explaining the American culture wars and refuting the New Atheists scholarly integrating insights from many fields and great fun to read like Haidt s last book i The Happiness Hypothesis i

Waking Up: A Guide to Spirituality Without Religion

For the millions of Americans who want spirituality without religion Sam Harris s new book is a guide to meditation as a rational spiritual practice informed by neuroscience and psychology br br From multiple New York Times bestselling author neuroscientist and new atheist Sam Harris Waking Up is for the percent of Americans who follow no religion but who suspect that Jesus Buddha Lao Tzu Rumi and the other saints and sages of history could not have all been epileptics schizophrenics or frauds Throughout the book Harris argues that there are important truths to be found in the experiences of such contemplatives and therefore that there is more to understanding reality than science and secular culture generally allow br br Waking Up is part seeker s memoir and part exploration of the scientific underpinnings of spirituality No other book marries contemplative wisdom and modern science in this way and no author other than Sam Harris a scientist philosopher and famous skeptic could write it

3 Monotheistic Religions

Armstrong a British journalist and former nun guides us along one of the most elusive and fascinating quests of all time the search for God Like all beloved historians Armstrong entertains us with deft storytelling astounding research and makes us feel a greater appreciation for the present because we better understand our past Be warned i A History of God i is not a tidy linear history Rather we learn that the definition of God is constantly being repeated altered discarded and resurrected through the ages responding to its followers practical concerns rather than to mystical mandates Armstrong also shows us how Judaism Christianity and Islam have overlapped and influenced one another gently challenging the secularist history of each of these religions i Gail Hudson i

Folklore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion, Legend and Law (Collected Works)

The work of Sir James G Frazer ranged widely across classics cultural history folklore and literary criticism as well as anthropology This volume was first published in

Empire of Religion: Imperialism and Comparative Religion

How is knowledge about religion and religions produced and how is that knowledge authenticated and circulated David Chidester seeks to answer these questions in i Empire of Religion i documenting and analyzing the emergence of a science of comparative religion in Great Britain during the second half of the nineteenth century and its complex relations to the colonial situation in southern Africa In the process Chidester provides a counterhistory of the academic study of religion an alternative to standard accounts that have failed to link the field of comparative religion with either the power relations or the historical contingencies of the imperial project br br In developing a material history of the study of religion Chidester documents the importance of African religion the persistence of the divide between savagery and civilization and the salience of mediations imperial colonial and indigenous in which knowledge about religions was produced He then identifies the recurrence of these mediations in a number of case studies including Friedrich Max M ller s dependence on colonial experts H Rider Haggard and John Buchan s fictional accounts of African religion and W E B Du Bois s studies of African religion By reclaiming these theorists for this history Chidester shows that race rather than theology was formative in the emerging study of religion in Europe and North America Sure to be controversial i Empire of Religion i is a major contribution to the field of comparative religious studies

Comparative Religion

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El CorĂ¡n (Religion) (Spanish Edition)

Contiene la palabra del dios nico Allah revelada a Mahoma Muhammad o Muhammed quien se considera recibi estas revelaciones por medio del ngel Gabriel br El Cor n es la palabra eterna e increada de Allh por ello su transmisi n deber a realizarse sin el menor cambio en la lengua originaria el rabe cl sico lengua en consecuencia considerada sagrada a todos los efectos br Las siete manzil estaciones y las treinta juz partes se pueden usar para trabajar con todo el Cor n durante una semana o un mes un mandil o un juz por d a Un juz se puede dividir en dos ahzab grupos y cada ahzab se puede subdividir en cuatro cuartos Una estructura diferente ofrece el ruku at en la cual aparecen unidades sem nticas que se asemejan a p rrafos y que se componen aproximadamente de diez aleyas br

La Busqueda de Dios (Spanish Version): Cubierta Azul, Clasicos de La Religion y Espiritualidad

Este libro es un modesto intento de ayudar a los ninos hambrientos de Dios tan buscar el Nada aqui es nuevo excepto en el sentido de que es un descubrimiento que mi propio corazon ha hecho de las realidades espirituales mas encantador y maravilloso para mi Otros antes que yo han ido mucho mas lejos en estos santos misterios lo que he hecho pero si es mi fuego no grande pero es real y puede haber quien puede encender su la vela a su llama